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guideBasic text styles

The basic styles feature allows you to apply the most frequently used formatting indispensable for content creation. This package provides essential text styling features such as bold, italic, underline, strikethrough, subscript, superscript, and code. Coupled with more formatting features, these serve as a base for any WYSIWYG editor toolset.

All basic text styles can be removed with the remove format feature.

Basic formatting options may be applied with the toolbar buttons (pictured below) or thanks to the autoformatting feature with Markdown code as you type. Use one these to format the text:

  • Bold – Use the bold toolbar button Bold or type **text** or __text__
  • Italic – Use the italic toolbar button Italic or type *text* or _text_
  • Code – Use the code toolbar button Code or type `text`
  • Strikethrough – Use the strikethrough toolbar button Strikethrough or type ~~text~~.

Bold and italic styles are enabled by default in all predefined builds. Strikethrough and underline are available in the document editor build and superbuild only. The code style is present in the superbuild only

# Demo

When you need to make something seem very important, bold seems to be the right choice.

Italics can be used for foreign words like the Greek týpos — „reflection, form” and gráphō — „I am writing”, which form „typography”.

It is rather rare to use underlined text as this stands out very much and should be used with extreme caution.

There are also situations when you need to remove something, for example during collaborative editing. The strikethrough is a right choice then.

If you are dealing with software development, having the option to mark inline code like printf("hello, world\n"); is also very useful.

There are also subscript and superscript types that you may utilize in chemistry or in math related texts where you have things like H2O or x2.

This demo only presents a limited set of features. Visit the full-featured editor example to see more in action.

Check out also these CKEditor 5 features to gain better control over your content style and format:

  • Font styles – Easily and efficiently control the font family, size, text or background color.
  • Styles – Apply pre-configured styles to existing elements in the editor content.
  • Text alignment – Because it does matter whether the content is left, right, centered or justified.
  • Code blocks – Insert longer, multiline code listings, expanding the inline code style greatly.
  • Highlight – Mark important words and passages, aiding a review or drawing attention to specific parts of content.
  • Autoformatting – Format the text on the go with Markdown code.
  • Remove format – Easily clean basic text formatting.

# Available text styles

Style feature Command name Toolbar component name Output element
Bold 'bold' 'bold' <strong>bold</strong>
Italic 'italic' 'italic' <i>italic</i>
Underline 'underline' 'underline' <u>underline</u>
Strikethrough 'strikethrough' 'strikethrough' <s>strikethrough</s>
Code 'code' 'code' <code>code</code>
Subscript 'subscript' 'subscript' <sub>subscript</sub>
Superscript 'superscript' 'superscript' <sup>superscript</sup>

Bold and Italic are available out–of–the–box in most of the editor builds.

The Code feature provides support for inline code formatting. To create blocks of pre-formatted code with a specific programming language assigned, use the code block feature.

# Supported input

By default, each feature can upcast more than one type of the content. Here’s the full list of elements supported by each feature, either when pasting from the clipboard, loading data on start or using the data API.

Style feature Supported input elements
Bold <strong>, <b>, <* style="font-weight: bold"> (or numeric values that are greater or equal 600)
Italic <i>, <em>, <* style="font-style: italic">
Underline <u>, <* style="text-decoration: underline">
Strikethrough <s>, <del>, <strike>, <* style="text-decoration: line-through">
Code <code>, <* style="word-wrap: break-word">
Subscript <sub>, <* style="vertical-align: sub">
Superscript <sup>, <* style="vertical-align: super">

# Typing around inline code

CKEditor 5 allows for typing both at inner and outer boundaries of code to make the editing easier for the users.

To type inside a code element, move the caret to its (start or end) boundary. As long as the code remains highlighted (by default: less transparent gray), typing and applying formatting will be done within its boundaries:

The animation showing typing inside the code element in CKEditor 5 rich text editor.

To type before or after a code element, move the caret to its boundary, then press the Arrow key ( or ) once. The code is no longer highlighted and whatever text you type or formatting you apply will not be enclosed by the code element:

The animation showing typing after the code element in CKEditor 5 rich text editor.

# Installation

Selected styles are enabled in certain predefined builds, as enumerated at the beginning of this guide. These installation instructions are for developers interested in building their own, custom editor.

To add the basic styles features to your editor install the @ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles package:

npm install --save @ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles

And add the plugins which you need to your plugin list. Then, simply configure the toolbar items to make the features available in the user interface.

import Bold from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/bold';
import Italic from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/italic';
import Underline from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/underline';
import Strikethrough from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/strikethrough';
import Code from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/code';
import Subscript from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/subscript';
import Superscript from '@ckeditor/ckeditor5-basic-styles/src/superscript';

    .create( document.querySelector( '#editor' ), {
        plugins: [ Bold, Italic, Underline, Strikethrough, Code, Subscript, Superscript ],
        toolbar: {
            items: [ 'bold', 'italic', 'underline', 'strikethrough', 'code', 'subscript', 'superscript'  ]
    } )
    .then( /* ... */ )
    .catch( /* ... */ );

Read more about installing plugins.

# Common API

Each style feature registers a command which can be executed from code. For example, the following snippet will apply the bold style to the current selection in the editor:

editor.execute( 'bold' );

We recommend using the official CKEditor 5 inspector for development and debugging. It will give you tons of useful information about the state of the editor such as internal data structures, selection, commands, and many more.

# Contribute

The source code of the feature is available on GitHub in